Tax On Equity In India

Written By: Manish Sharma

Last Updated: February 22, 2023

Tax On Equity In India

Tax on equity in India is a complex issue that many people are not fully aware of. For those who do understand it, there can be confusion as to how taxes are applied and what the implications are for investors. In this article we will explore the intricacies of tax on equity in India, outlining the benefits and potential pitfalls associated with it.

Equity investments have become an increasingly popular option in recent years due to their potential for higher returns than traditional savings accounts or fixed deposits. However, one must also consider taxation when making such investments – especially if they involve a high risk-reward ratio. Taxation rules vary greatly depending on whether you're investing directly into shares or through mutual funds or other financial instruments like derivatives, so it's important to make sure you understand all applicable laws before entering any kind of agreement.

In addition to understanding the different types of taxes involved, investors should also familiarise themselves with exemptions available under Indian law which may help reduce overall liability. This article aims to provide readers with an overview of these topics so that they can make informed decisions about their investments in the Indian stock market.

Taxation Of Gains From Equity Shares

Short-Term Capital Gains (STCG)

Taxation of gains from equity shares is a subject that has to be taken into account while investing in stocks. The tax on profits made by selling these equities or stock shares are imposed and regulated by the Indian income tax laws. According to the Income Tax Act, 1961, any gains derived from sale of equity share within one year of acquisition will be considered as short-term capital gain (STCG). Thus, STCG is liable for taxation at 15% flat rate plus applicable surcharge and cesses.


Short-term capital gain(STCG) = Sale price - Expenses - Purchase price

What if your tax slab rate is 5%, 10%, 15%, 20% or 30%? 
A special rate of tax of 15% is applicable to all taxpayers, regardless of their income tax slab.

Long-Term Capital Gains (LTCG)

Long-Term Capital Gains (LTCG) arising out of sale of equity shares which have been held for more than 12 months prior to their transfer attract lower rate of taxes. LTCG exceeding Rs 1 lakh per annum attracts 10% tax without indexation benefits. If someone wants to avail indexation benefit then the maximum limit should not exceed 20% after including surcharge and cesses.

Various exemptions such as dividend distribution tax, long-term capital gain exemption under section 54EC etc., can help reduce the amount of taxes due on investments in equities significantly. It’s important to be aware of what your obligations are so you can properly plan ahead when dealing with the complex issue of taxation on profits generated from equity shares trading activities in India. Moving forward, we'll explore loss from equity shares and how they're treated differently according to Indian income tax regulations.

Loss From Equity Shares

In today's world, where everyone wants to make a quick buck by investing in the stock market, it seems like an unimaginable disaster if you suffer a loss from equity shares. Unfortunately, this is very much a reality for many investors who have been hit hard with taxes on their losses from equity shares. But don't worry; I'm here to tell you that there's still hope!

To start off, let me just say: tax on equity isn’t exactly the most exciting topic around. While some people love talking about investments and capital gains, nobody really loves contemplating how they'll be taxed when things go wrong. Still, understanding taxation of losses from your equity shares can save you money - so get ready to take notes!

When it comes to taxing losses from your equity shares, one thing to keep in mind is that it depends largely on how long you held them before selling them at a loss. If you sold within 12 months then any profit or loss will be considered short-term capital gain/loss and treated accordingly by the Income Tax Act of 1961. On the other hand, if you held the shares longer than 12 months before selling them at a loss then those would be considered as long-term capital gain/losses.

Now here’s something important to note: unlike profits made through trading stocks which are fully taxable under LTCG rules in India, losses resulting from trading stocks may not necessarily be deductible. So while we all want our share of the rewards when making good decisions in the stock market, remember that bad decisions come with consequences too - and these could include having to pay tax on your losses from equity shares!

Frequently Asked Questions

What Is The Tax Rate For Equity Shares Held For More Than One Year?

Once upon a time, there lived an investor in India who needed to know the tax rate for equity shares held for more than one year. He had heard that taxes on such investments were complicated and he wasn't sure what to do next. So, he set off on a quest to understand the rules of taxation when it comes to investing in equities.

The journey was not easy; after all, laws regarding taxation are very complex. But with perseverance and determination, our investor managed to find out the answer: If you hold your equity shares for more than one year, then long-term capital gains (LTCG) will apply. LTCG is taxed at 10%(+ applicable cess).

So while navigating through these rules can be tricky and daunting at times, understanding them is integral if you want to make wise decisions about your investments. Knowing this information gives investors peace of mind so they can confidently plan their finances accordingly without any fear or hesitation.

How Do I Calculate The Capital Gains Tax For Equity Shares?

The first thing that needs to be done when attempting to calculate the capital gains tax for equity shares is understanding what type of income these investments are classified under by the Indian government. Equity shares are typically treated as long-term investments and thus taxed at a lower rate compared to regular income, or short-term capital gains. The long-term capital gains tax rate is 10%, depending on an individual's total taxable income.

What Are The Tax Exemptions Available On Equity Shares?

In India, there are several tax exemptions available for investors who buy and sell their equity shares.

When looking at the tax implications of equity investment in India, one should understand that short-term capital gains (on sale of equity within 1 year) are taxed at 15% while long-term capital gains (sale of equity after holding period of 1 year or more) attract flat 10% tax rate without indexation benefit.

There is also an exemption limit under which no taxes are levied on profits earned via trading in equity shares. This exemption applies only when total profit earned by an investor during financial year does not exceed Rs 1 lakhs.

TIP: Be sure to keep track of all your trades so that you can accurately calculate any potential capital gains and take advantage of these exemptions come filing season!


Tax on equity in India is a complicated matter and there are many aspects to consider when making investments. It is important to understand the different types of taxes that may apply depending on your source of income from equity shares, such as long-term capital gains tax or short-term capital gains tax. Moreover, it's also essential to be aware of how losses from equity shares can be claimed for taxation purposes. Therefore, understanding all these complexities related to taxation of equity shares in India can help you make sound investment decisions and maximize returns.

Have you taken into account any potential taxation implications before investing in equities? Being mindful about this could save you from significant financial loss!

Tax On Equity In India


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About the Author

I'm tech-savvy, loves to write about saving, investing and proper financial planning. Also, I am a blogger, share everything with 100% transparency and the best of my knowledge.

Manish Sharma

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  1. It is important to understand the different types of taxes and exemptions available to ensure that you maximize your returns while minimizing your tax liability.

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